bint-e-Hazm bin Khalid (also known as Umm-ul-Baneen) was the wife of Imam
Ali(a.s.) and mother of Hazrat Abbas(a.s.)
Hazrat Fatima binte Hazam bin Khalid Ibn-e-Rabi'e Ibn-e-Amer Kalbi belonged
to the clan of Banu Kilah, which was one the noblest families amongst the
Hashimites and famous for the bravery and valour of its warriors.
She was born in 5 A.H. Some years after the martyrdom of Hazrat Fatima
Zahra(s.a.), Imam Ali(a.s.) expressed his desire to his brother Aqil bin Abi
Talib(a.s.) to marry a women of a brave and warrior tribe. Hazrat Aqeel was
a very knowledgeable in tribe genealogy and he immediately proposed the name
of Hazrat Fatima binte Hazam bin Khalid and the marriage took place soon
Much earlier during 8 A.H., Imam Ali(a.s.) had been given the prophecy by
Prophet Mohammad(sawaw) of a brave son who would be martyred alongside with
his brother Imam Hussain(a.s.) on the day of Ashura. Eversince then, Imam
Ali(a.s.) had been waiting for the birth of that son which came in the
person of Hazrat Abbas(a.s.).
Hazrat Umm-ul-Baneen came to the house of Imam Ali(a.s.) knowing very well
that before her the chief of the women of paradise, Hazrat Fatima
Zahra(s.a.) was living in that house. She served Imam Ali(a.s.) in the same
manner as Hazrat Umm-e-Salma had served the Holy Prophet(sawaw) after the
demise of Hazrat Khadija(a.s.). Immediately stepping in the house, she
vowed herself to act as a slave of the children of Hazrat Fatima(s.a.). Her
sincerity was much respected by the children of Hazrat Fatima(s.a.) that
they always gave her a high status and respect.
Fatima Binte Hazam was an accomplished and cultured lady, and bore Hazrat
Ali's four sons, Abbas, Abdullah, Jafer and Usman. The meaning of 'Ummul
Baneen' is 'Mother of Sons'. All of her sons were martyred along with Imam
Husain. After their martyrdom, she requested people not to call her 'Ummul
Baneen' ever again.
When Imam Husain(A.S.) was leaving Madinah for Iraq Hadrat Ummul Baneen
asked her four sons, Hadrat Abbas(A.S.), Abdulla, Ja'far and Usman to
sacrifice their lives in the sacred cause of Imam Husain(A.S.).
On 10th Muharram 61 A.H.,the day of martyrdom of Imam Husain(a.s.) and his
72 faithful companions at the battlefield of Karbala when Hadrat Umme
Salamah witnessed that the earth in the bottle given to her by the Holy
Prophet(sawaw) had turned into blood she raised the cry of "Ya Husain" Ya
Husain" and declared that Imam Husain(a.s.) has been martyred according to
the prophecy foretold to her by the Holy Prophet(sawaw) about the martyrdom
of Imam Husain(a.s.).
Then Ummul Baneen gathered women of Madinah in her house and all cried for
the martyrdom of Imam Husain(a.s.).This was the first ever Majlis conducted
after the martyrdom of Imam Husain(a.s.).
Ummul Baneen had such sincerity toward the Holy Prophet's progeny that she
loved Imam Hussain(a.s.) more than her own children. A feeling which was
from the bottom of her heart. It was to the extent that when she received
the news stating the martyrdom of her four children, she said: "Tell me
about Hussain (A.S.)" and when she received the news of Imam Hussain
(A.S.)'s martyrdom she said: "All of the arteries of my heart are torn. May
all of my children and what ever that exists under this azure heaven be
sacrificed for the sake of Imam Hussain (a.s.).
<<< The First Noha Recitor of the martyrdom of Imam Hussain(a.s.) >>>
After the arrival of Imam Sajjad(a.s.) and Hazrat Zainab(s.a.) in Madinah
Hadrat Ummul Baneen used to gather women in her house and used to narrate
them how Imam Husain(a.s.) and his companions were martyred by Yazidi
Hadrat Ummul Baneen was a great poet and she is considered as the first Noha
(lamentation poetry) reciter for the martyrdom of Imam Husain(a.s.).She used
to visit regularly the famous Jannat al-Baqi cemetery in Madinah and recite
her Nohas in a very sad voice that everybody present there used to weep
She transformed the Jannat al-Baqi cemetery in Madinah as "the Centre of
Azadari of Imam Husain(a.s.)". The Nohas recited by Hadrat Ummul Baneen for
the martyrdom of Imam Husian(a.s.) are recorded in history and are
considered as masterpieces in Arabic literature.
It is recorded in historical accounts that Hazrat Ummul Baneen died on 13th
Jamadi us-Sani 64 A.H. and was buried in the Jannat al-Baqi cemetery in the
holy city of Madinah.